Canton's Second Pulitzer Prize: C.R. Macauley

December 2, 2010 - March 4, 2011

Canton’s Second Pulitzer Prize: C.R. Macauley

Charles Macauley was born in Canton in 1871 and began his journalistic career with the Canton Repository publishing cartoons in 1893. His career included political cartoons and articles for the Cleveland Press, the Philadelphia Inquirer and the New York Times, as well as illustrations for books and film-making. Macauley was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1930 for his cartooned a criticism of the Treaty of Versailles. This political cartoon exhibit is made possible by the efforts and dedication of John Swartz, and sponsored by the Repository.


Charles Macauley Bio:
Charles macauley was born in Canton, Ohio in 1871. In 1890 he won an award for best cartoon in the Cleveland Press. He began his journalistic career with the Canton Repository, publishing cartoons in 1893 while he was working at the Hampden Watch Company in Canton.Hired by the Cleveland World he moved to Cleveland publishing cartoons in the Cleveland Press, and in 1894 and 1895 he published several cartoons in the Repository. He published cartoons for the Philadelphia Inquirer in 1899, and 1900. In 1904 he moved to New York and published numerous articles for the New York Times, and cartoons for Judge Magazine and for the old Life. That year Macauley published his illustrated novel, Fantasmaland, a work similar to Alice in Wonderland. From 1906 to 1916 he was creating daily political cartoons for the New York World. He illustrated books for Joseph Conrad and Arthur Conan Doyle. He published another novel, Red Tavern, in 1914. Five years later he created a company, Charles R. Macauley Photoplays, which produced movies. One of his films, When Bearcat Went Dry, is one of the two oldest films surviving, now at the American Film Institute. And in 1929 while working with the Brooklyn Eagle, he cartooned a criticism of the Treaty of Versailles for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1930. He died in November of 1934.

How John Swartz compiled this collection:
Having the facilities of the Stark County Library available (microfilm readers, and printers) I copied the different cartoons from  the microfilm and printed them. The library has available all the early Repository cartoons. The Library imported four reels at a time, from Harrisburg State Library(Philadelphia Inquirer), New York Public Library,  and I searched the reels printing  those which were retrievable. I also used the facilities of the University of Minnesota, Ohio State, and the Cleveland Public Library. Some of the originals were so scratched or muddy that I left them. The prints from Stark County I took home and imported into Photoshop.In other libraries I saved each cartoon as a digital file and brought it home on a flash file.  Each of the  black and white prints took about an hour to remove in Photoshop the scratches and  smudges found in dates and at times text. The color cartoons I printed in black and white, and importing them into photoshop,I removed scratches, and smudges.  I used the layering system to apply each color, decreasing and increasing opacity.  The large color cartoons took about eight hours apiece. When the signatures were blurred I took a clear signature from the same period and imported it to a similar cartoon. The text titles often had to be cleared and reentered in a similar font. At times the alignment of the cartoon outlines had to be reregistered. It certainly became easier in the later years of his work. Some earlier years of microfilm were severely scratched. I did get some of the microfilm from the University of Minnesota, from Ohio State's Library, and from the Pennsylvania State Library in Harrisburg. The Ohio State Cartoon library provided copies from their collection, and I in return shared about fifty of mine with them, so that their file on Macauley is richer.